Machu Picchu Top 15 Facts 2021
There is no doubt that Machu Picchu is one of South America’s leading tourist destinations. No trip to Peru would be complete without a visit to this impressive ancient Inca site. With so much information online, we decided to collect and summarize the most important facts about Machu Picchu. Here you can find all the answers to your questions about visiting this spectacular sight.
Where is Machu Picchu?
Machu Picchu is located in the Andes Mountains of Peru, in the Urubamba province, above the Sacred Valley. The citadel is located northwest of Cusco, the ancient capital of the Inca empire.
How do I get to Machu Picchu?
- To visit this world-renowned site, you will need to get to Cusco first.
- There are direct flights to Cusco from Lima, the capital of Peru. The flight duration is approximately 1 hour and 20 minutes. Lima is a hub for many international flights and your best bet to enter the country from the US or Europe.
- From Cusco, you could take a train from Wanchaq train station or you can travel to Ollantaytambo Station (in the Sacred Valley).
- The train ride from Ollantaytambo train station to Aguas Calientes takes about 1 hour and 30 minutes.
- Inca Rail and Peru Rail offer various trains that fit every budget. The train will bring you to Aguas Calientes.
- From here you can hop on the shuttle bus and follow a steep and curved road for about 30 minutes up to Machu Picchu
Can I see Machu Picchu in one day?
Yes. It is possible to travel from Cusco to Machu Picchu and back all in one day if you leave Cusco early enough. It is even possible to do a one-day Inca Trail starting and ending in Cusco. We do, however, recommend making sure you are acclimatized to the altitude (by including a few days in the Sacred Valley beforehand).
How long does the traditional tour to Machu Picchu take?
Most of our travelers finish the guided tour in Machu Picchu in 2-3 hours. Those who would like to see Machu Picchu from a different perspective can opt to buy the supplement to climb to:
- Wayna Picchu
- Machu Picchu Mountain
Another popular alternative if you like to hike is following the path to Sun Gate or Inti Punku (the last highlight of the Inca Trail). This does not require an extra entrance fee and is a moderate three-to-four-hour hike from Machu Picchu. The trail’s ascent is mostly gradual (only 30 degrees in angle) until the last 20 minutes which is more inclined.
What kind of entrance tickets to Machu Picchu are there?
It is necessary to buy your ticket for Machu Picchu before arrival. Especially in the peak months, it may be hard to get availability for your desired time slot, so make sure to choose your ticket well in advance. Discounts for children and students under 25 years of age are also available if visitors submit valid identification before purchase. There are three different tickets to choose from: *
- Ticket Machu Picchu (currently available for purchase): This ticket gives you up to four hours in the citadel. It is necessary to buy the ticket a few weeks before arrival. The ticket price for an adult is approximately 50 USD. Children under 8 years of age can enter free of charge and children under 17 years of age can get a 29 USD discount. You can choose your entry time from hourly slots between 6 am and 2 pm.
- Ticket Machu Picchu + Wayna Picchu (currently not available for purchase): This ticket allows you up to six hours at the site. The ticket should be bought three months before arrival. The entrance to Wayna Picchu is only possible for persons over 12 years of age. The ticket price for an adult is approximately 65 USD. Minors aged 12 to 17 get a 28 USD discount.
- Ticket Machu Picchu + Mountain (currently not available for purchase): With this ticket, you can spend up to 8 hours in the citadel. It must be bought a few weeks before arrival. The ticket price for an adult is approximately 65 USD and children aged 8 to 17 get a discount of 28 USD.
*Please keep in mind that Wayna Picchu and Mountain Machu Picchu are currently closed until further notice (updated on January 18th). Entrance prices may therefore change when the sites open to the public again.
Is it difficult to hike Machu Picchu? What About Machu Picchu Mountain or Wayna Picchu?
Machu Picchu itself is not a difficult hike. You will simply follow one of the routes as you make your way through the citadel. There will be plenty of time for taking pictures and learning about the rich history of the site. If you are feeling up to a challenge, you could also decide to hike Mountain Machu Picchu. The four-to-five-hour hike is steep, but the amazing view is worth it! Another, more popular option is the infamous Wayna Picchu hike. Known for its daring summit and minimal security, this two- to-three-hour hike offers incredible views of the citadel. Check out our blog post on the difference between the Mountain Machu Picchu hike and the Wayna Picchu hike.
Should I spend the night in Aguas Calientes, the town of Machu Picchu?
It depends. Many travelers believe that by spending the night in Aguas Calientes they will be able to see the citadel with fewer travelers, which is not always the case (especially in the high season from July & August). In fact, official statistics shared by the local authorities and the train companies indicate that the peak hours are before midday. Furthermore, the citadel is often foggy in the early hours of the day. You have better odds of good weather if you visit the citadel in the afternoon.
If you can only travel to Machu Picchu in the rainy season (December – March) and you would like to be on the safe side with clear skies and good pictures, then an overnight is recommended. In addition, travelers hiking the Inca Trail from KM 104 (= doing only the last leg of the Inca Trail in one day) also need an overnight in Aguas Calientes. Their visit to Machu Picchu takes place on the following morning.
Do I need a guide for the visit to Machu Picchu?
The visit to Machu Picchu must be completed in the presence of a trained guide and it is necessary to follow one of the predetermined routes. It is not possible to turn around once the tour is complete. However, in case you decide to visit Machu Picchu for a second time, after spending a night in Aguas Calientes, you can walk through one of the Machu Picchu routes by yourself.
Which treks are there to Machu Picchu?
If you would like to have a more active experience, you could opt for a trek to Machu Picchu. There are many to choose from, such as the world-famous Inca trail or the Salkantay trek. There are options for those wanting a strenuous or a lighter trek and if you do not want to sleep in a tent there are even some glamping options with private bathrooms and excellent cuisine. Depending on your preferences and how much time you have, you can choose from a 1 to 7-day trek to Machu Picchu.
What is the best time to visit Machu Picchu?
Although Machu Picchu is a year-round destination, there are better months to see this spectacular citadel in all its glory. The best time to visit Machu Picchu is the dry season which is from April to October. From November to March, there is lots of rain and the view from Machu Picchu is often covered by clouds. The sunniest months are June and July, which also means these months are the busiest. Our recommendation would be to visit Machu Picchu in May or September, the weather should be nice and there will be fewer visitors than in peak summer months.
What is visiting Machu Picchu like in 2021, during the pandemic?
To keep all visitors safe, the local authorities have created a list of rules and protocols for all visits to Machu Picchu while the coronavirus remains a threat. Although Machu Picchu is currently open to visitors, Wayna Picchu and Mountain Machu Picchu remain closed until further notice. Our team in Cusco have visited Machu Picchu recently and summed up their own experience. Check out our article on the new rules for Machu Picchu in 2021.
How high are Machu Picchu and its surroundings?
- Machu Picchu: 2,430 m (7,972 ft) above sea level
- Wayna Picchu: 2,720 m (8,920 ft) above sea level
- Machu Picchu Mountain: 3,061 m (10,042 ft) above sea level
- Sun Gate (Inti Punku): 2,720 m (8,924 ft) above sea level
- Sacred Valley: 2,900 m (9,514 ft) above sea level
- Cusco: 3,399 m (11,152 feet) above sea level
How to prevent altitude sickness while visiting Machu Picchu?
Altitude sickness can appear at altitudes of 2,400 – 2,500 m (7,874 ft – 8,000 ft) above sea level or higher. Since Cusco has a much higher altitude than Machu Picchu, we recommend transferring to a hotel in or near the Sacred Valley upon arriving in Cusco. Furthermore, we recommend taking it easy for the first day or so to become acclimated to the altitude. Avoid large meals and alcohol and make sure to stay hydrated. Try some muña or coca tea, local remedies for the altitude. Similarly, Gatorade (or Powerade) is also a great way to battle altitude sickness.
Can I take my kids to Machu Picchu?
Absolutely. Machu Picchu is safe for adults and kids alike. There are also many sights in the area that are great options for families and kids. Check out our article on a journey to Machu Picchu with kids!
What is the history of Machu Picchu?
It is estimated that Machu Picchu was built at the height of the Inca Empire around the mid-15th century. It is believed that Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, the 9th ruler of the Inca Empire, constructed the citadel. Located in the center of one of the largest empires in the Americas, the purpose of the site during the time of the Inca reign is still a mystery. Some historians believe that Machu Picchu was a military stronghold or a sacred religious site for Inca leaders.
The citadel was abandoned approximately 100 years after its construction after the Spanish conquest of the Inca empire. Luckily, the Spanish never came across Machu Picchu due to its secluded location and therefore did not destroy the citadel. Machu Picchu remained largely abandoned (except for some peasants who occupied the site) for hundreds of years until the explorer Hiram Bingham III found it in 1911. While searching for the Lost City of the Incas, Bingham came across a local farmer who shared the location of Machu Picchu. In 1983 UNESCO declared Machu Picchu a world heritage site. In 2007 the citadel was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
Check out some of our itineraries that include Machu Picchu
PE-009 Amazon River Cruise Delfin III & Incas
PE-003 Salkantay Trek – Luxury Glamping to Machu Picchu
PE-018 Machu Picchu Luxury Journey
PE-001 Skylodge & Machu Picchu
PE-008 Explora Sacred Valley & Machu Picchu
PE-017 Rainbow Mountain & Machu Picchu